The Issue of Population

It is clear that migration is becoming a global crisis in some regions of the World, and as we are becoming more connected, the movement of people is becoming high on the political agenda. Some regions of the World are in decline whereas others are seeing rapid increases in their populations. Europe is in decline, as couples are choosing to have fewer than two children and especially in Eastern Europe, where migration to more affluent areas of the continent and elsewhere is causing the population to shrink. Also, rural China is seeing a massive exodus of its population. On the flipside, other regions are seeing rapid increases in population like West and Central Africa, South Asia, the Middle East, and urban areas of China. In areas where the population is increasing rapidly, there are many reasons pulling people to cities such as economic opportunities and a shift towards more service industries.

A poster from China’s controversial ‘One-Child Policy’

Considering this, I feel that it’s vital that more is done to deal with the issue of population and having more international population conferences would help to do this. Bringing together various voices from around the World promotes sharing of knowledge and information which is even more available due to technological advances. Also, conferences create opportunities to begin a dialogue and seek donors to assist countries in overcoming the various barriers they face in dealing with population control. There have been policies in the past of anti-natal policies in countries such as China and Thailand that have led to a decreased fertility rate. Sharing of best practices as well as acknowledging the lessons that were learnt from unsuccessful implementation of polices will help countries to better deal with the problems that they currently face. Also, other countries require pro-natal policies, especially in high-income countries where all too often immigrants are scapegoated for problems they never created. Ideas relevant to the times were are living in need to be devised by experts in the field so that the issue can be addressed sooner rather than later. A huge reason to deal with it now is the increased risk of climatic hazards which are becoming more frequent and destructive year by year and often affect areas with high and growing populations.

A map to show fertility rates with the highest growth in parts of Africa

There is already being a lot done to tackle this issue with the United Nations Population Fund working around the globe with various interest groups to achieve its aims. Often, resources are poured into country-led schemes that see improved results that raise accountability and alignment. There have also been numerous conferences already around the themes of family planning, where experts from all around the World come together to discuss, debate and device strategies to best deal with this growing issue. Summits like these help to create a spirit of co-operation which is a crucial component in addressing an issue that affects all of us on the planet.